You are here:

Health care

The quality and standard of health care provided to prisoners is the same as that provided in the community through the public health system. Qualified medical staff provide on-site health care in every prison. Justice Health is responsible for the delivery of health services for persons in Victorian prisons.

On entry to prison

On entry to prison, a physical and mental health assessment is conducted so that health staff are aware of the prisoner's health and medication needs. A prisoner’s physical and mental wellbeing is reviewed by health staff each time they move between prisons.

While in prison

Qualified doctors, nurses, mental health nurses and other allied health professionals provide on-site health care in every prison. The primary services in Victorian prisons include the following:  

  • general practitioner (GP) services
  • general nursing
  • mental health nursing
  • pharmacy
  • pharmacotherapy
  • pathology
  • radiology
  • dentistry and oral health care
  • audiology
  • optometry
  • podiatry
  • physiotherapy
  • health promotion

Prisoners with disabilities have full access to the range of health services provided to non-disabled prisoners. In addition, a range of specialised services are available, covering cognitive impairment, sensory and physical disability and psychiatric disability.

If a prisoner has a health issue that cannot be treated at their prison, they may be transferred to another prison where those services are available. Some types of specialist appointments are conducted at Port Phillip Prison (male prisoners only), while others require that the prisoner is taken to St Vincent’s Hospital which provides some services through a secure ward at the hospital – for example, post-operative care.

Prisoners who are referred to specialist services in the public health system are placed on the same waiting lists as members of the community. The waiting time will depend on the clinical urgency of the case.

Prisoners can apply to consult a private health practitioner of their choice (a medical practitioner, dentist, physiotherapist or chiropractor). The prison's treating medical officer must provide an opinion on the application and approve it based on clinical need. If approved, the prisoner must meet all costs, including transport and escort costs.

If a prisoner needs emergency care, an ambulance will be called and the prisoner taken to the nearest hospital emergency department.

Aboriginal Social and Emotional Wellbeing Plan

The department has worked closely with the community to develop this Aboriginal Social and Emotional Wellbeing Plan with the aim of improving health and justice outcomes for Aboriginal people in prison.

Health Service Provider Resource list, under the Aboriginal Social & Emotional Wellbeing Plan

Suicide prevention

A comprehensive approach to the prevention and management of suicide risk is implemented across the correctional system as outlined in the Correctional Suicide Prevention Framework.

Making a health care complaint

To make a health care complaint refer to Making a complaint.

Leaving prison

Health staff will develop a discharge summary for the prisoner to take with them when they leave prison. If a prisoner has an appointment with a specialist in the public health system after they are released from custody, information on the appointment will be provided as part of the discharge summary. Health staff may also develop a discharge plan for the prisoner to support them to access health care in the community.

Enquiring about a prisoner's health 

Talk to the prisoner about their health and the health care they are receiving. If you have information relevant to their health care or have concerns about their health care, contact the health service provider at the prisoner's location to discuss it.
Prisoners must provide consent before health staff can discuss their health information with family, friends and legal representatives. Find out about obtaining a prisoner's health record